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Scientists have made some new discoveries in the human body. Here are all the details.

We may know enough about the human body, but researchers are still discovering new things about homo sapien all the time. Scientists have discovered that a previously unknown entity is in the human intestine and mouth. Researchers have called these virus-like structures, which are assumed to have microscopic shapes, “obelisk” he calls it. These entities replicate like viruses but are much smaller and simpler. Because of their small size, they fall into the class of “viroids,” which are single-stranded RNAs that typically lack a protein shell. But most viroids are infectious agents that cause disease, and that doesn’t seem to be the case with these tiny obelisks, as reported by LiveScience.

Scientists discover new viruses in human gut and mouth

So why are they among us and what do they do? That’s the big question. Discoverers at Stanford University, the University of Toronto and the Technical University of Valencia have some theories. Although they also remain suspended in the mouth, they can influence the gene activity of the human microbiome. For this purpose, they have been found to use the common oral bacterium Streptococcus sanguinis as a host. Although we do not know why, it is suggested that these viroids infect various bacteria both in the mouth and intestine.

Scientists continue to work on the subject. Some obelisks appear to contain instructions for the enzymes needed for replication, so they appear to be more complex than your average viroid, as Science notes. It can be said that there is much more to know about the human body. More will emerge.

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Health Fitness

A New Option in the Treatment of Sleep Apnea: Weight Loss Drugs

A popular obesity drug may help treat a dangerous disorder in which people have trouble breathing while sleeping, a new study finds. Weight loss medication can be used for sleep apnea. Here are all the details.

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A popular obesity drug may help treat a dangerous disorder in which people have trouble breathing while sleeping, a new study finds. Weight loss medication can be used for sleep apnea. Here are all the details.

It was revealed that Tirzepatide, the drug in the weight loss drug Zepbound and the diabetes treatment Mounjaro, reduced the severity of sleep apnea, reduced weight, and improved blood pressure and other health measures in obesity patients who used the drug for a year. The drug’s maker, Eli Lilly and Co., which paid for the research, has asked the Food and Drug Administration to expand its use to treat moderate to severe sleep apnea, in which people begin breathing in and out during sleep, a spokesman said Friday. A decision is expected by the end of the year.

A New Option in the Treatment of Sleep Apnea: Weight Loss Medications

However, an outside expert wrote in an editorial that the tissue in the throat is damaged during sleep. relax He cautioned that more research would be needed to say whether the drug could be used as a “sole treatment” for obstructive sleep apnea, which occurs when the sleep apnea collapses and becomes completely or partially blocked. It affects an estimated 20 million Americans and can cause short-term problems like snoring, brain fog, and daytime sleepiness, as well as serious long-term problems like heart disease, dementia, and premature death.

The study, published Friday in the New England Journal of Medicine and presented at a medical meeting, involved nearly 500 people diagnosed with obesity and sleep apnea.

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Life

Scientists revealed the secret of living to 100 years old

According to scientists, it is possible to live to be 100 years old. Here are all the details.

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According to scientists, it is possible to live to be 100 years old. Here are all the details.

Even in your 80s, it’s not too late to adopt healthy habits that can help you live to 100 and beyond. This is what scientists say in the message of a groundbreaking new international study. This message revealed that older adults who lead healthier lifestyles are significantly more likely to see centuries. The research, published in Network Open, revealed that simple lifestyle choices such as not smoking, exercising regularly and following a varied diet will be effective in living to 100. Even if you make all of these changes later in life, there’s a good chance you’ll reach the century mark. This is a promising finding that challenges assumptions about the impact of lifestyle changes on the very old.

Scientists revealed the secret of living to 100 years old

Adhering to a healthy lifestyle appears to be important even in older ages; “This suggests that creating strategic plans to improve lifestyle behaviors among all older adults may play an important role in promoting healthy aging and longevity.” To investigate the link between lifestyle and extreme longevity, researchers conducted the largest study of very old people in the world. from research He consulted data from one of the China Longitudinal Healthy Longevity Study. They identified 1,454 people who lived to be at least 100 and matched them with 3,768 control participants of similar age and background who died before they were 100. Scientific Results have revealed that even with simple changes, good results are achieved in the long term.

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Health Fitness

Surprising side effect of malaria drug!

It turns out that a drug known as an antimalarial can be used for POCS in women. Here are all the details.

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It turns out that a drug known as an antimalarial can be used for POCS in women. Here are all the details.

A common antimalarial drug may also be used to treat polycystic ovary syndrome (POCS), an endocrine disorder that affects hundreds of millions of people of reproductive age worldwide. Blood testosterone levels appeared to be lower and ovaries healthier in a small group of women with PCOS after taking repeated doses of artemisinin, researchers report June 14 in the journal Science. The results show that artemisinin compounds, known to be effective against malaria, lupus and cancer, can also be used to relieve PCOS symptoms.

Surprising side effect of malaria drug!

The discovery “could potentially change the landscape of PCOS treatment,” said endocrinologist Elisabet Stener-Victorin of the Karolinska Institute in Stockholm, who was not involved in the research, in a perspective in the same issue of Science. “Although more studies will be needed, artemisinins remain effective treatments for PCOS.” discovery “Yet it represents a promising new approach.”

Despite the prevalence of POCS, it is unknown what causes this disorder. Doctors diagnose it based on high levels of hormones called androgens, including testosterone, and multiple small cysts on patients’ ovaries. Treatments often target specific symptoms, such as acne, excessive hair growth, irregular menstruation or infertility. People with POCS are also at higher risk for metabolic conditions such as type 2 diabetes. But the antimalarial drug may offer a surprising cure for this ailment.

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